Cranio Facial Kinetic Science
Craniofacial therapy is never done on its one. It is always determined in collaboration with the patient, the therapist and, if needed, a doctor, pediatrician, ORL, specialist, maxillofacial surgeon, orthodontist, psychologist, speech therapist, physiotherapist or other. It is useful in all cases of oral and facial dysfunction, whether it is disability, accident or illness. It perceives the individual as a whole and cannot therefore function alone.
Here is a general description of what it can bring depending to the ages and the problems encountered.
You will also find a list of therapists.
The duration of treatment can be quite long, it varies from one individual to another and from one problem to another.
The body needs time and care to change old habits and patterns, to overcome traumas, to learn new movements and to recover. Changes in all the mentioned aspects require patience.
It's your body and not the therapist's! It is your responsibility to heal by practicing the exercises given by the professional.
At the beginning of the treatment, the anamnesis and a discussion between the patient and the therapist determine the goals to be achieved and set a duration. At the end of the process, progress is assessed. The sessions do not necessarily take place every week, as the body needs time to assimilate what it is asked to do.
In Switzerland, the costs are covered by supplementary health insurance. For more information, contact your health insurance company or the RME (empirical medicine register, under "myofunctional therapy" - available in French and German only
Early interdisciplinary care is important from birth for newborns with disorders such as orofacial clefts, skull or facial malformations, hyper- or hypotonicity.
The care of the child is seen as a team depending on the priorities. If an operation is necessary, it will take place first, and then post-operative treatments, including craniofacial therapy, will occur.
The therapy consists ofgentle muscle stimuli throughout the body, because what is worked on the feet acts through the muscle and fascial chains on the entire body.
Therapy also deals with post-operative scars after a palatal cleft surgery, for example, or after an accident.
If possible, your relatives will be integrated into the therapy.
Craniofacial therapy is useful in all cases where children can't stop using their pacifier or sucking their thumb, or have any other bad habits that interferes with the growth of the jaw
and the proper placement of teeth (milk or permanent).
It is also recommended when language problems arise, in addition to or at the beginning of speech therapy.
The therapist's point of view is global and a child cannot make progress in language if his body is not properly aligned and his posture not toned. He works on posture and muscles and can work in collaboration with a speech therapist.
Writing, reading and concentration problems can also result from poor posture and lack of tone or lack of eye convergence.
The therapist also works on swallowing, which must gently pass from an infant one to an adult one. If the infant swallowing persists, the entire digestive system can be disrupted. The mouth is the first step of digestion. Chewing and swallowing, actions that seem insignificant for us, are important for our health. To work on this, the therapist will act on the position of the tongue in the mouth with exercises. Muscle stimuli are also done to permanently fix the results obtained. In addition, swallowing during early childhood can contribute to a tooth misalignment, joint disorders and an open oral posture. The open mouth exposes the child to more frequent illnesses, and also leads to an insufficient body tone, which promotes incorrect postures throughout the body.
The therapist also treats issues regarding hypersalivation and oral breathing. They work to keep the mouth closed and have a good position of the tongue at rest, which allows nasal breathing to be established.
Craniofacial therapy also provides a support in the rehabilitation of the jaw and face.
The child and their family are involved in the therapy. Without collaboration, there are no results!
At this age the finding and development of one's own personality, the formation of social contacts is the first priority. Craniofacial therapy is often a good complement to dental treatment to stabilize posture and thus consolidate the orthodontist's work, to avoid recurrences. The therapy takes place in cooperation with the orthodontist.
The adolescent has their share of work to do. Good results can only be achieved with active participation in the treatment.
Adolescence is not the most relaxing age for the body - young people's postures make their back and neck strain!
The importance of posture:
Here is a daily example of a load on the spine, which also applies to adults!
In the last picture, the actual load on the spine amounts to the weight of an 8-year-old child!
Source : Hansraj, KK, (2014) Assessment of stresses in the cervical spine caused by
posture and position of the head., PMID:25393825.
Reproduced with the kind permission of
Dr. K. Hansraj, New York.
5 kg 12 kg 18 kg 20 kg 27 kg
Long hours sitting in class, in front of the computer, lying on the stomach, etc. can cause neck and back pain. When we know that our eyes are linked to the deep short muscles of the neck, we are not surprised that there is a connection between vision and posture.
During adolescence, craniofacial therapy allows the young person to become aware of his or her posture and to work on it in order to eliminate pain and fatigue. The swallowing and the position of the tongue in the mouth are also checked. A bad position of the tongue creates micro pressures on the floor of the oral cavity and can even affect the posture and the walk. Our body is only a long muscular and fascial chain and what we work on one end of the body influences everything, like a model of tensegrity.
Human structure built in tensegrity by
Tom Flemons : www.intensiondesigns.ca
In the event of an accident, craniofacial therapy helps to restore jaw mobility and helps to improve or restore essential functions such as eating, drinking and breathing, and secondary functions such as expression and singing.
Through muscle stimulation, it also acts on possible scars that can strongly disturb an adolescent in the middle of building their identity.
In case of disability, therapy helps to keep the mouth closed and thus allows the control of salivation which brings a better social image and strengthened self-confidence.
Craniofacial therapy can also concern adults. It provides assistance in cases of accidents, disability or illness. Anything that disrupts the harmony of the face has an infulence on trust and social contacts between individuals. The slightest pimple irritates us, so what about scars or difficulties in expressing yourself or problems with food intake.
Therapy accompanies surgical treatments or diseases, but only with the person's assistance. You have to want to change and heal, and practice regularly the exercises explained by the therapist to achieve a high result. The most difficult thing is certainly patience, because not everything changes in a few seconds. The therapist is a support and guides you through the healing process.
For example, during bruxism, the therapy is complementary to psychological consultations or hypnosis, hippotherapy, Reiki or any other recognized therapy that helps to relieve stress.
It is very important to discover the main cause of the disorders or pain. It cannot be excluded that the person's posture is causing chronic pain for which no explanation has yet been found.
Poor ergonomics in the workplace can also lead to chronic pain, such as migraine or back pain.
It is wrong to believe that we can no longer do anything because we are old and all we have to do is bear patiently with our pain!
Our body has resources and it is also possible to mobilize them in old age.
It is important to maintain mobility as long as possible with as little pain as possible until old age.
List of therapists:
Everyone on the list has completed their MAS Cranio Facial Kinetic Science (MCFKSc) at the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Basel (Switzerland).
Physiotherapeutin - NDT Bobath Lehrtherapeutin - Castillo Morales Therapeutin
Hippotherapie - Heilpädagogisches- und Therapeutisches Reiten
Kinderphysiothapie Praxis - Luzernerstrasse 55b - 6030 Ebikon
041 342 03 30
Hippotherapie/Heilpädagogisches- und Therapeutisches Reiten
Eichmattstrasse 3 - 6277 Lieli
079 676 93 67